Vendaikai Mangai Pachadi (Lady’s Finger and Unripe Mango Salad)

I was very fond of vendaikai/lady’s finger because I was told that I would excel in mathematics if I ate it. Liars! I used to ask my mother to prepare vendaikai pachadi because I liked the taste of it. My mother used to make vendaikai pachadi with tamarind and coconut. I discovered that if I cooked it with unripe mango instead of tamarind for the sour taste and left out the coconut from the recipe, I arrived at the most delicious salad (fried) of lady’s finger and mango.

Vendaikai Mangai Pachadi - Kalas Kalai

Vendaikai Mangai Pachadi (Lady’s Finger and Unripe Mango Salad)

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Ennai Kathirikai (Stuffed Brinjal/Eggplant)

In Thirunelveli, stuffed eggplant is known as Ennai Kathirikai, which actually means eggplant fried in oil. This dish is considered to be exotic, maybe because the masala is roasted and ground and the brinjal is stuffed with it. It is usually served in vegetarian feasts. The leftover stuffing is fried in the leftover oil and in the tamarind juice used for cooking the eggplant and served along with the stuffed brinjal, and therefore nothing is wasted during the preparation of the dish.

Ennai Kathirikai 1 - Kalas Kalai

Ennai Kathirikai (Stuffed Brinjal/Eggplant)

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Kari Kaadi Poriyal (Vinegared Meat Fry)

In Tamil cooking vinegar is hardly ever used. It may find its way into a few pickles, but even that is very rare. That is why this recipe is honoured with kaadi (vinegar) in the title. My uncle was in the Indian Air Force, and posted in the North during his service. He used to bring his family in summer to visit the relatives in Thirunelveli, and on the way, they used to make a halt in Chennai and stay a few days with us. In those days, the most convenient train was the Janata Express, which though called express, always came a day late. Therefore, for this journey, my aunt used to make chappatis and this vinegar fry which would keep easily for 2 days without refrigeration.

Kari Kaadi Poriyal (Vinegared Meat Fry) - Kalas Kalai

Kari Kaadi Poriyal (Vinegared Meat Fry)

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Methi Urulaikizhangu Curry (Potato and Fenugreek Leaves Curry)

I came across this dish when it was presented in a cookery competition in the Women’s Christian College in the 1970s. I was fascinated by the colour, texture, and flavour of this methi with potato. However, the recipe won only a 3rd place in the contest. I asked my student Samyukta for the recipe, and she wrote it out for me immediately. The original recipe was very spicy as Samyukta is from Andhra Pradesh. I have toned down the spice to give it a more subtle flavour.

Methi Urulaikizhangu Curry 1 - Kalas Kalai

Methi Urulaikizhangu Curry (Potato and Fenugreek Leaves Curry)

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Carpetbag Meat (Low Fat)

I discovered a ‘Carpetbag Steak’ recipe when browsing through an old cookbook from my personal library. I was fascinated by the concept of stuffing steaks or fillets and skewering or suturing them with cotton thread before grilling or broiling. But the stuffing that is used in these recipes is not the norm in Tamil kitchens, because we do not combine meat with shellfish (mussels or oysters). So, I use a spicy vegetarian stuffing to add flavour to the carpetbag meat.

Carpetbag Meat 1 - Kalas Kalai

Carpetbag Meat

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Urundaikkari Vellai Kuzhambu (Meatballs in White Gravy)

Happy Easter everyone! Here is a special meatball curry to help you break your Lenten fast (if you’ve been fasting). This is such an ancient recipe it might as well have come from the Biblical age. I have never seen my mother or my aunt prepare this. I discovered it during an archaeological dig into an old family recipe book with a pencilled inscription saying ‘Aatha’ which would indicate that it is from my great grandmother who was from Thanjavur. Any history beyond that is shrouded in the mists of time 🙂

Urundaikkari Vellai Kuzhambu - Kalas Kalai

Urundaikkari Vellai Kuzhambu (Meatballs in White Gravy)

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Pavakkai Simple Poriyal (Simple Bitter Gourd Fry)

Bitter gourd is a vegetable which, in spite of its bitterness, is cooked in different ways and served almost every week in Tamil Nadu because it is widely believed that it lowers the blood sugar level. I do not consider this to be true because I’ve always found holes in research which claimed this effect. My mother used to make this very simple preparation but not very often because of the labour involved in removing the seeds from the small bitter gourd, which was the only variety available then. Now that the larger variety is available throughout the year, it has become much quicker to make this poriyal.

Pavakkai Simple Poriyal - Kalas Kalai

Pavakkai Simple Poriyal

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